Relationship of withdrawn, anxious/depressed and attention problems to cognitive performance in preterm children at 18 months and 36 months of age

CONCLUSIONS: The early association of Withdrawn behaviors with less favorable cognitive performance at 18 months and 36 months and the relationship between increases in Attention Problems with decreases in cognitive scores between the toddler and preschool period indicate the need for early assessment of and intervention for behavior problems, as well as concurrent cognitive delays, in VLBW preterm children.