Redesign of chronic illness care in children and adolescents: evidence for the chronic care model.
Curr Opin Pediatr. 2016 Aug;28(4):428-33
Authors: Adams JS, Woods ER
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides an overview of the chronic care model (CCM), examines the evidence for its utility in pediatric and adolescent chronic illness, and discusses practical steps for improving chronic illness care in the pediatric medical home.
RECENT FINDINGS: Few studies have used the CCM as an improvement framework in pediatrics. However, in recent years, several quality improvement efforts based on the CCM have demonstrated improvement in important process measures or clinical outcomes in pediatric or adolescent obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, depression, and asthma.
SUMMARY: The CCM is an improvement framework that has demonstrated success in improving the care of children and adolescents with chronic disease. More research is needed to identify priority conditions for improvement efforts, to better understand the mediators of health outcomes in pediatric chronic disease, and to rigorously demonstrate the effectiveness of new models of chronic illness care. The evidence to date suggests that the CCM may be useful in guiding the redesign of care delivery systems to improve the health outcomes of young people with chronic disease.
PMID: 27138998 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]