Radiographic appearance and clinical significance of fidget spinner ingestions.

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Radiographic appearance and clinical significance of fidget spinner ingestions.

Pediatr Radiol. 2018 10;48(11):1584-1592

Authors: Sammer MBK, Kan JH, Sammer MD, Donnelly LF

Abstract
BACKGROUND: According to anecdotal press reports, there have been medically significant ingestions of fidget spinner toys, including ingestions that required endoscopic intervention. Fidget spinners have been marketed to improve attention and have been suggested as a therapeutic alternative to medications in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
OBJECTIVE: To describe the radiographic appearance and features of ingested fidget spinner components. To evaluate clinical significance via rates of endoscopic intervention, incidence in patients on ADHD medications, and mean age compared to other accidental foreign body ingestions.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A nested retrospective case control study analyzed pediatric accidental foreign body ingestions identified via electronic medical record search between March 1, 2017, and Feb. 28, 2018. Radiographic identifiability, component type and maximum diameter of ingested fidget spinner components were described. A nested cohort of non-fidget spinner ingestions between May 1 and Aug. 31, 2017, was compared with the fidget spinner ingestions for rates of endoscopic intervention (a), concomitant use of ADHD medication (b) and mean age (c) using the Fisher exact test (a and b) and independent samples t-test (c).
RESULTS: There were 1,095 unintentional foreign body ingestions. Ten were ingested fidget spinner component ingestions. Eight of the 10 ingested components were radiographically identifiable. Compared with the nested cohort of non-fidget spinner ingestions, fidget spinner ingestions were more likely to undergo endoscopic intervention (P=0.009, 5/10 fidget spinner ingestions vs. 54/383 other ingestions). Fidget spinner patients were more likely to be on ADHD medication (P=0.011, 2/10 fidget spinners vs. 5/383 other). Fidget spinner mean patient age was significantly older than other ingestions (P=0.015, mean: 7.1 years fidget spinner ingestions vs. 4.0 years for other ingestions).
CONCLUSION: Compared with other foreign body ingestions, patients who ingested fidget spinner components were more likely to undergo endoscopic intervention, had a higher rate of ADHD medication use and were older. Familiarity with the radiographic appearance of ingested fidget spinner components is important for patient management.

PMID: 29955903 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

via https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29955903?dopt=Abstract


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