Preschool children’s response to behavioural parent training and parental predictors of outcome in routine clinical care.
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2018 Jan;25(1):1-9
Authors: van der Veen-Mulders L, Hoekstra PJ, Nauta MH, van den Hoofdakker BJ
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of behavioral parent training (BPT) for preschool children with disruptive behaviours and to explore parental predictors of response.
METHODS: Parents of 68 preschool children, aged between 2.7 and 5.9 years, participated in BPT. We evaluated the changes in children’s behaviour after BPT with a one group pretest-posttest design, using a waiting period for a double pretest. Outcome was based on parents’ reports of the intensity and number of behaviour problems on the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory. Predictor variables included parents’ attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, antisocial behaviours, and alcohol use, and maternal parenting self-efficacy and disciplining.
RESULTS: Mother-reported child behaviour problems did not change in the waiting period but improved significantly after BPT (d = 0.63). High levels of alcohol use by fathers and low levels of maternal ineffective disciplining were each associated with somewhat worse outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: BPT under routine care conditions clearly improves disruptive behaviours in preschool children. Mothers who consider themselves as inadequate in disciplining and mothers whose partners do not consume high levels of alcohol report the largest improvements.
PMID: 28857440 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]