Impairments in communication and social interaction in children with neurofibromatosis type 1: Characteristics and role of ADHD and language delay.
Appl Neuropsychol Child. 2020 Jun 22;:1-6
Authors: Cohen R, Halevi A, Aharoni S, Aronson B, Diamond G
Background: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a multisystem neurocutaneous disorder with increased risk of tumor formation and higher incidence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) than the general population. The aim of the study was to assess the presence of ASD symptoms in young children with NF1 and to examine their potential association with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and speech delay.Methods: The cohort included 30 patients with NF1 attending the multidisciplinary NF1 clinic of a tertiary pediatric medical center from September 2015 through September 2016. The parents/caregivers completed the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) and the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS II).Results: Sixteen patients (53%) had a previous diagnosis of ADHD. There was a positive association between the presence of ADHD and a low score on the VABS II interpersonal relationships subscale of the Socialization domain. Language delay, documented in 12 children (40%), also correlated with a low interpersonal relationships score.Conclusions: ADHD appears to be more a marker than an actual independent risk factor of ASD in NF1. The early evaluation of children with NF1 for interpersonal communication problems and ASD, especially those with a speech delay or ADHD, will alert clinicians to initiate appropriate and timely treatment.
PMID: 32569512 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]