Effects of Food on the Bioavailability of Amphetamine in Healthy Adults After Administration of SHP465 Mixed Amphetamine Salts Extended-Release Capsules.
Drugs R D. 2019 Jun;19(2):167-175
Authors: Wang Y, Yu M, Yan B, Martin P, Robertson B
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: SHP465 mixed amphetamine salts extended release is a once-daily, single-entity, mixed amphetamine salts capsule product for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The objective of this study was to evaluate amphetamine pharmacokinetics following SHP465 mixed amphetamine salts under three administration conditions.
METHODS: Healthy adults (n = 16) enrolled in an open-label, randomized, three-period crossover study with three single-dose 50-mg SHP465 mixed amphetamine salts treatments (fasting ≥ 10 h before administration [reference]; high-fat meal consumption 30 min before administration; sprinkling capsule contents on applesauce) separated by ≥ 7-day washouts. Blood samples for evaluating d- and l-amphetamine pharmacokinetics were collected pre-dose and up to 60 h post-dose. Assessments included maximum plasma concentration, time to maximum plasma concentration, and area under the plasma concentration-time curve from 0 to infinity. Exponentiated least-squares mean ratios with 90% confidence intervals for test treatments relative to the reference treatment were calculated, with the absence of an effect indicated by the 90% confidence intervals falling within the 80-125% range.
RESULTS: Least-squares mean (90% confidence interval) ratios for maximum plasma concentration and area under the plasma concentration-time curve from 0 to infinity indicated neither consuming a high-fat meal (d-amphetamine: 85.33 [80.44, 90.50] and 91.11 [86.69, 95.75], respectively; l-amphetamine: 85.22 [80.18, 90.59] and 88.74 [83.89, 93.87]) nor sprinkling the capsule contents on applesauce (d-amphetamine: 95.76 [90.28, 101.57] and 95.77 [91.13, 100.65]; l-amphetamine: 96.90 [91.16, 103.00] and 94.78 [89.60, 100.26]) altered amphetamine exposure. Consuming a high-fat meal prolonged median time to maximum plasma concentration for d- and l-amphetamine by 5.0 and 4.5 h, respectively, relative to reference treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate SHP465 mixed amphetamine salts capsules can be swallowed whole with or without food or the capsule contents can be sprinkled on applesauce.
PMID: 30911906 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]