Effects of a working memory training program in preschoolers with symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2018 02;40(1):17-29
Authors: Capodieci A, Gola ML, Cornoldi C, Re AM
INTRODUCTION: Preschoolers with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been found to exhibit impairments on neuropsychological measures of working memory (WM). As WM is an important predictor of future learning abilities, early intervention could help to prevent severe problems. The purpose of this research was to ascertain the efficacy of an intervention for training WM in 5-year-old children with symptoms of ADHD.
METHOD: Thirty-four children with symptoms of ADHD were randomly divided into two groups: One was assigned to the WM training condition, and the other continued normal class activities. The training was provided at school in small groups that also included typically developing children.
RESULTS: The trained group showed a significant improvement in tasks measuring their WM and other controlled processes at conclusion of study, whereas no significant improvement was found in the control group.
CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that early intervention on WM may be effective in children with symptoms of ADHD.
PMID: 28332914 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]