ADHD remission, inclusive special education, and socioeconomic disparities.

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ADHD remission, inclusive special education, and socioeconomic disparities.

SSM Popul Health. 2019 Aug;8:100420

Authors: Kim M, King MD, Jennings J

To understand how institutional environments and socioeconomic backgrounds may influence health outcomes, we examined the relationship among special education environments, socioeconomic status (SES), and likelihood of ADHD remission in children. While the majority of children experience remission by adulthood, the likelihood of remission varies across different SES levels and education environments. We find that for low SES children the likelihood of remission is higher in states that have more inclusive special education regimes. In contrast, for more advantaged children, the odds of remission do not depend on the level of special education inclusivity. Our findings suggest that providing more inclusive education can reduce disparities in behavioral disorders and are particularly important for less advantaged children. In doing so, this study contributes to the fundamental cause and health inequality literature by adding to a growing body of work showing how institutional environments can affect socioeconomic gradients in health treatment and outcomes.

PMID: 31431914 [PubMed]