Accident patterns in trauma surgery patients with and without self-reported ADHD.

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Accident patterns in trauma surgery patients with and without self-reported ADHD.

J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2019 May 10;:

Authors: Wolff S, Queiser K, Wessendorf L, Meier AM, Verdenhalven M, Grimm O, Reimertz C, Nau C, Klos M, Reif A, Kittel-Schneider S

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with a higher risk for accidents and injuries, leading to increased mortality. The objective of this study was to identify the types and mechanisms of accidents in a group of adult trauma victims with self-reported ADHD compared to a control group, based on Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale Version 1.1 (ASRSv1.1). A semi-open/qualitative accident questionnaire was conducted with 116 recruited patients from three trauma surgery units. The adult ADHD (aADHD) group differed significantly from the control group in self-reported psychiatric co-morbidities (p = 0.012), regular psychotropic medication use (p = 0.005), other accidents in the past year (p = 0.002), substance use before the accident (p = 0.007), and overconfidence in relation to the accident (p = 0.033). Most interestingly, we found significantly greater subjective ratings for stress (p = 0.002) and stressful/pressurising events before the accident (p = 0.026) in the adult ADHD group, as well as for self-reported stress at the time when conducting the interview (p = 0.016). The data demonstrate that special attention should be paid to interventions in stress reduction and sufficient treatment of ADHD in terms of preventing accidents and injuries in aADHD. Therefore, we suggest, in addition to pharmaceutical therapy, the integration of stress-management and coping strategies into aADHD management.

PMID: 31076914 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]