Reduced graphomotor procedural learning in children and adolescents with ADHD.
Hum Mov Sci. 2019 Mar 07;:
Authors: Duda TA, Casey JE, O’Brien AM, Frost N, Phillips AM
PURPOSE: The present study sought to determine if children and adolescents with ADHD demonstrate reduced procedural learning of a graphomotor program.
METHOD: Thirty-two children and adolescents between age 9 and 15 with (n = 16) and without ADHD (n = 16) participated in the study. Each group of participants practiced a novel grapheme on a digitizing tablet 30 times. Participants with ADHD were off stimulant medication or were medication naïve.
RESULTS: Control participants demonstrated significant improvement in graphomotor fluency from the beginning to the end of practice, T = 2, z = -2.534, p = .009, whereas participants with ADHD did not, T = 4, z = -1.810, p = .074.
CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with findings in adults with ADHD, results indicate that graphomotor procedural learning in children and adolescents with ADHD is attenuated. Findings have implications for future research that may inform remediation of handwriting difficulties, academic accommodations, and using digitizing technology for neuropsychological assessment.
PMID: 30853258 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]