Postdischarge Suicide and Death in South Korean Children and Adolescents Hospitalized for a Psychiatric Illness.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2018 07;57(7):508-514.e1
Authors: Paik JW, Kim KH, Lee SM, Na KS, Hong M
OBJECTIVE: The postdischarge suicide rate in children and adolescents ever hospitalized for a psychiatric illness is much higher than that of children and adolescents in the general population. We aimed to investigate the postdischarge death and suicide among children and adolescents hospitalized for a psychiatric illness using the Korean National Health Insurance database and causes of death statistics from the National Statistics Office.
METHOD: We identified children and adolescents less than 18 years of age who experienced at least one psychiatric hospitalization from 2008 to 2013 with a principal diagnosis of a psychiatric disorder based on the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Code Fxx.x). Postdischarge deaths (all-cause death or suicide) after the first psychiatric hospitalization were investigated.
RESULTS: The total number of patients hospitalized for a psychiatric illness was 14,097, and the numbers of all-cause deaths and suicide deaths after discharge were 93 and 64, respectively. The rates of suicide according by diagnostic group were 440.1 (per 100,000 person-years) for psychosis, 248.8 for depression, 155.4 for conduct disorder, 153.6 for bipolar disorder, 103.4 for posttraumatic stress disorder, 93.0 for anxiety disorder, and 38.4 for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
CONCLUSION: As suicide is the main cause of postdischarge death, there is an urgent need to develop and implement effective prevention strategies after psychiatric hospitalization.
PMID: 29960696 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]