Metabolic Activation of Atomoxetine Mediated by Cytochrome P450 2D6

Atomoxetine (ATX) is a neurological drug widely used for the treatment of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder. Liver injury has been documented in patients administered ATX. The mechanism of ATX’s toxic action is less clear. This study is aimed to characterize reactive metabolites of ATX in vitro and in vivo to assist our understanding of the mechanisms of ATX hepatotoxicity. A hydroxylated metabolite, along with an O-dealkylation metabolite, was found in ATX-supplemented rat liver…


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