Interpersonal Problems of Young Adults With and Without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.
J Atten Disord. 2019 Jan 07;:1087054718821728
Authors: Sodano SM, Tamulonis JP, Fabiano GA, Caserta AM, Hulme KF, Hulme KL, Stephan GR, Tronci F
OBJECTIVE: Interpersonal functioning is a core area of impairment for young adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), yet the assessment of their interpersonal problems has not been approached using a comprehensive model of interpersonal behaviors.
METHOD: Interpersonal problems of young adults with ADHD ( n = 24) were compared to non-ADHD peers ( n = 26) by self- and collateral-report using the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-Circumplex-Item Response Theory (IIP-C-IRT).
RESULTS: Both self- and collateral-reports yielded significantly higher scores across interpersonal problem domains, except for self-reported Hostile-Dominant (HD) interpersonal problems. Discrepancy scores between self- and collateral-report supported larger differences in the ADHD versus non-ADHD groups for HD problems. Large correlations between collateral-reported family relationship impairments and HD problems were found only for the ADHD group.
CONCLUSION: Young adults with ADHD have higher levels of interpersonal problems relative to their non-ADHD peers, but also appear to underreport HD interpersonal problems relative to non-ADHD peers, suggesting the presence of a bias. (J. of Att. Dis. XXXX; XX[ X] XX-XX).
PMID: 30614417 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]