Impact of delayed gratification on oral health and caries status in the primary dentition.

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Impact of delayed gratification on oral health and caries status in the primary dentition.

J Dent. 2017 Aug;63:103-108

Authors: Caleza-Jimenez C, Yañez-Vico R, Mendoza-Mendoza A, Palma JC, Iglesias-Linares A

OBJECTIVE: The ability to delay gratification (ATDG) is naturally linked to key regulatory psychological traits involved in self-discipline/regulation. The aim of this study was to ascertain the normalized impact of ATDG as an early predictor of oral health, on the primary dentition.
METHODS: 404 subjects [202 children (4-6 years old) and 202 mothers] were enrolled in a case-control study. Systematic data collection included: i) extraoral diagnostic parameters; ii) intraoral health status; iii) behavioral aspects; iv) baseline socio-demographic data. The ICC, the paired Student’s t-test and kappa statistic were used to evaluate intra-observer reliability. Distributions were explored with the chi-squared test [Odds ratio;95%CI;p<0.05]. Conditional logistic regression was used to evaluate associations between all clinical diagnostic data and ATDG.
RESULTS: Overweight/obese children and those diagnosed with ADHD are more prone to lack ATDG (p<0.001). Higher deft values were observed in children who lacked ATDG, who were also strongly associated with higher sugar consumption and more impulsive personalities (p<0.001;OR:.107/0.031;95%CI:036-0.316/0.008-0.115). By contrast, children with responsible personality traits were associated with this skill (p<0.028;OR:3.33;95%CI:1.1-9.7) and obtained the lowest deft (p<0.306;OR:0.539;95%CI:0.165-0.176) and gingival index values (p<0.001;OR:10.44;95%CI:2.6-40.9), which are clear indicators of better current and future oral health.
CONCLUSIONS: These data provide insights into a novel predictor for identifying individuals at a higher risk of dental caries in early childhood.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The present study offers a new hypothesis for identifying individuals with poor oral health status. Early tools to detect the most vulnerable population sectors are critically important to reduce the global burden of caries and other oral diseases.

PMID: 28602851 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]