Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a comprehensive review

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder, with only 2-3% prevalence into adulthood. The epidemiology and proposed causes of ADHD are multifactorial, including genetic, prenatal and environmental influences. The diagnosis of ADHD is often complicated by masking coping mechanisms, an overlap of symptoms with other, more commonly diagnosed disorders. Traditionally, it has been treated with stimulant medications. Non-stimulant options often target norepinephrine…


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