[Neuropsychiatric manifestations in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC): diagnostic guidelines, TAND concept and therapy with mTOR inhibitors].
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother. 2018 Aug 06;:1-14
Authors: Waltereit R, Feucht M, de Vries MC, Huemer J, Roessner V, de Vries PJ
Neuropsychiatric manifestations in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC): diagnostic guidelines, TAND concept and therapy with mTOR inhibitors Abstract. Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), albeit a rare autosomal-dominant multisystem disease with an incidence of 1:6,000, is one of the most important monogenetic disorders in child and adolescent psychiatry. In up to 90 % of patients, neurological disorders such as epilepsy and psychiatric disorders such as autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, affective disorders, and intellectual disability are observed. In recent years, significant progress has been made in understanding the molecular mechanism as well as in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Here, we review these recent developments. In the first part, we describe the need for psychiatric assessment and treatment of patients and analyse challenges in interdisciplinary work between child and adolescent psychiatry, child neurology, and other professional groups. In the second part, we introduce the concept of TSC-associated neuropsychiatric disorders (TAND), developed by the TSC Neuropsychiatry Panel as a guide to help clinical teams, families, and individuals with TSC via screening, assessment, and treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms and disorders as well as with a novel screening instrument, the TAND Checklist. Finally, we report findings from recent clinical trials of mTOR-inhibitors to treat TAND. The paper includes the German translation of the TAND Checklist as an electronic supplement.
PMID: 30080117 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]